"I really don't know why it is that all of us are so committed to the sea, except I think it is because in addition to the fact that the sea changes and the light changes, and ships change, it is because we all came from the sea. And it is an interesting biological fact that all of us have, in our veins the exact same percentage of salt in our blood that exists in the ocean, and, therefore, we have salt in our blood, in our sweat, in our tears. We are tied to the ocean. And when we go back to the sea, whether it is to sail or to watch it we are going back from whence we came." JFK 




The ERNESTINA is the oldest surviving Grand Bank's fishing schooner and the only survivng 19th century Gloucester built fishing schooner formerly named the Effie M. Morrissey.  The famous Newfoundland explorer Capt. Bob Bartlett  used the Effie M. Morrissey on his arctic expeditions.  Captain William J. Kennedy ,first cousin to my great grandfather John Kennedy navigated for Bartlett on some of his arctic trips.

Captain Kennedys of Newfoundland


Fishing?  Smuggling during the Revolution? and "Rum Running" which came into fashion when  fishing was no longer a way of life --The transport of alcohol is an ancient mariner occupation and was not prohibited in the US until 1920 when the 18th amendment was enacted. The public policy and economic lessons which can be learned from  prohibition.

Wexford Herring Cot from whence they came and what they came in.

Commodore John Barry, the Wexford born father of the US Navy.


The below links are likely included in the above index but just in case:

Maritime History Archives  Memorial University of Newfoundland

New Bedford Whaling Museum

Lost at Sea the Search for Longitude