"I really don't know why it is that all of us are so committed to the sea, except I think it is because in addition to the fact that the sea changes and the light changes, and ships change, it is because we all came from the sea. And it is an interesting biological fact that all of us have, in our veins the exact same percentage of salt in our blood that exists in the ocean, and, therefore, we have salt in our blood, in our sweat, in our tears. We are tied to the ocean. And when we go back to the sea, whether it is to sail or to watch it we are going back from whence we came." JFK   Man and the Sea





The ERNESTINA is the oldest surviving Grand Bank's fishing schooner and the only survivng 19th century Gloucester built fishing schooner formerly named the Effie M. Morrissey.  The famous Newfoundland explorer Capt. Bob Bartlett  used the Effie M. Morrissey on his arctic expeditions.  Captain William J. Kennedy ,first cousin to my great grandfather John Kennedy navigated for Bartlett on some of his arctic trips.

Captain Kennedys of Newfoundland

The Down to Sea "Out of Gloucester" website is an incredible memorial to those lost at sea.  Unfortunately it has been DOWN for sometime but I will keep their link confident they will resurface soon.  It had photos of  Captain Clayton Morrissey of the Effie M. Morrissey and HARBOR GRACE born Essex Captain Nathaniel Hackett. 

 Fishing? It was a Way of Life  at "Lost at Sea" is the sister site of "Down to Sea" wherein there are number of interesting articles on "Rum Running" which came into fashion when  fishing was no longer a way of life !! The transport of alcohol is an ancient mariner occupation and was not prohibited in the US until 1920 when the 18th amendment was enacted. The public policy and economic lessons which can be learned from this historical experience are something which need to be examined  closely as the drug war is waged and our involvement and costs increase.  This most definitely puts the Coast Guard on the frontline and raises new concerns involving homeland security since 9/11.   Here are a few interesting links regarding the Navy and alcohol, and prohibition.

Wexford Herring Cot from whence they came and what they came in.

Commodore John Barry, the Wexford born father of the US Navy.

The True Antilles are in Canada  a mystery of history...But if the case is being made for Portugal's discovery of America check out this link.

VIKING SAGA ( a neat flash presentation for the kids)

Gilbert Provost's Ship Website


The below links are likely included in the above index but just in case:

Maritime History Archives  Memorial University of Newfoundland

Maritime Museum of the Atlantic   Nova Scotia Museum

New Bedford Whaling Museum

New Bedford Free Public Library check out the vessel and crew lists of the Whaling Collection Archives

 Explore North Anything and Everything associated with Whaling

 Tall Ship photos of W.R. MacAskill are worth a direct link from Nova Scotia Archives

Ship Information Database of Canada

Canada Resources


Lost at Sea the Search for Longitude  Excellent read


   CRIMES AGAINST NATURE by Robert F. Kennedy Jr. 


Columbia Trading Company  Nautical Gifts and Books

US Merchant Marine Academy

TIMELINE- Dates in American Naval History